The Best Doctors tell us that Rubeola, more commonly known as measles, is a type of respiratory infection caused by a virus named paramyxovirus. The mode of transmission of measles is through droplets, usually transmitted through the mucosal drippings of the nose and mouth. With symptoms including cough, fever, red eyes, muscle pain, sore throat and runny nose, it is considered an infectious disease affecting children and adults. One of the unique signs of measles is itchy rashes that appear 3-5 days after the first symptom is felt.
According to the top doctors we spoke with, the rash can be flat, elevated or a combination of both, lasting for about 4 to 7 days. Another significant sign is the appearance of small white spots called Koplik’s spots in the insides of the mouth. Measles, if not accompanied with another disease, usually has a good prognosis. However, symptoms have to be treated immediately, otherwise complications can occur like pneumonia, bronchitis and even ear infections. Measles is constantly present in the community; therefore, the need for vaccination is important and is highly advised by doctors.
Ever since the measles vaccine was discovered in 1963, the Top Doctors tell us that there has been a great decrease in the number of death caused by measles. However, the coverage of the vaccine is limited especially in certain rural areas. Additional expenses are required for this kind of vaccine that include syringes, shipping and storage since the vaccine has to be kept securely in a cold temperature. Measles continues to affect the general population, and remains as a top cause of death among children who are not properly vaccinated due to unequal distribution.
Vaccines for measles that are currently being used need to be given twice: the first dose is given at the age of 9 to 12 months, and the second dose is given upon the start of schooling. Since the route of the vaccine is through the intramuscular pathway, only trained health workers are authorized to administer it to patients. The intramuscular injection of the vaccine, being an invasive procedure, can also cause risks because microorganisms can be introduced to the punctured site. It is also for this reason why only trained health workers are obligated to administer the vaccine; strict infection control measures are required to prevent complications.
The collaboration of a team of researchers at the University of Colorado and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public brought about the discovery and testing of an anti-measles vaccine which is administered via inhalation. This research indicates that unlike the conventional intramuscular vaccine, the novel dry powder vaccine only needs to be given in a single dose. Either one of BD Solovent or the PuffHaler can be used to deliver the vaccine. Dr. Diane E. Griffin, the chairman of the study, mentioned how of great use this innovation will be to the places where vaccine resources are limited. The trial of this vaccine is currently undergoing in India, and the team is confident that with further testing, this breakthrough will be a huge step in fully eradicating Measles.
The Best Doctors remind us that the Measles is only one of the many infectious diseases present today. It causes potential threat to our society, and especially to children and pregnant women. It is important to know more about these conditions to prevent future illnesses. In the field of infection disease, infectiologists or infectious disease specialists are the doctors who specialize in the care of such conditions. Specifically, they do the following crucial tasks:
1. Render medical care to patients suffering from infectious diseases.
2. Conduct client teaching about the general nature of infectious diseases—the causes, risk factors, mode of transmission, incubation period, signs and symptoms, complications and preventive measures.
3. Diagnose and treat the different infectious disease using medications, intravenous therapy and proper nutrition.
Unless measles occurs with another condition, there is no specific treatment for it. Most viral infections are self-limiting; meaning, they resolve on their own. In this case, the disease is left to progress and fade on its own course, but it is wise to monitor the patient at all times. The management of measles is purely symptomatic; hence it focuses on relieving the discomfort felt by the patient. The following therapeutic measures are commonly indicated for measles patients:
1. Paracetemol-This is an effective medication that manages fever and relieves pain. It is a fast-acting drug that can be administered to children and adults.
2. Complete Best Rest Patients diagnosed with muscles often complain of extreme fatigue and headache. It is only proper to encourage complete bed rest to conserve physical energy.
3. Increased Fluid Intake Doctors advise adequate fluid intake, especially when sore throat is present. The use of humidifier for runny nose and dry cough is also prescribed.
As the famous saying goes, “Prevention is better than cure.” Indeed, preventive measures are far more affordable and convenient than medical treatment procedures. Moreover, the breakthrough on inhalation vaccine will surely pave the way for more medical developments to successfully combat this debilitating disease. After all, a painless and safe route of vaccine administration seems a lot more convenient than the conventional intramuscular injection. The Top Doctors report that by timely vaccination, strict hygiene and a healthy diet, the risks of getting measles are significantly reduced. Altogether, these will encourage higher compliance among the community to obtain proper vaccination against measles.